Chardonnay is a versatile and widely planted white grape variety, known for its ability to adapt to a variety of climates, resulting in a broad range of styles. When aged in oak, it often presents flavors of vanilla, butter, and caramel, alongside its inherent fruity characteristics of apple, pear, and tropical fruits. In stainless steel or minimal oak treatments, it leans towards a crisper, more mineral-driven profile with pronounced citrus and green apple notes. Its acidity can vary but typically remains balanced, contributing to its aging potential and food pairing versatility. Chardonnay is a key component in many sparkling wines, including Champagne, adding to its prestige and diversity.